Hashtags are ingrained in our everyday lives. According to the Scrabble Dictionary (yes, that’s right; it was added in 2014) a hashtag is ‘a word or phrase preceded by the symbol # that categorizes the accompanying text’.

Hashtag History

No one really knows how the symbol was first created, but it first came in to tech use with the birth of touch tone phones to indicate different strings of numbers on automated customer service systems. #Exciting

Touch tone phone

Image credit: Flickr

The hashtag’s grand debut on the Internet was in Internet Relay Chat (IRC) – the system which Instant Message platforms are based on, including Twitter, Facebook Chat and WhatsApp. With thousands of users, there needed to be a way of identifying different channels, or groups. Harking back to days of the touch tone phone, the hashtag was given the job. #WaitForIt

When Twitter came along, Chris Messina, a social technology expert and long-time user of the IRC, suggested that the # be used to gather, categorize, and index discussions. The rest, as they say, is history.

Incidentally, the founder of Twitter, Evan Williams, apparently didn’t think hashtags would catch on because of their technical approach. He was fired in 2011. #Awkward

Hashtag Use

The main way of categorising content on Twitter, making it searchable, the hashtag has found it’s way on to most social media channels. Yet even as most people have come to know what they are, many people still don’t understand how to use them #UhOh #FauxPas #NoNeed #UseProperly

If you manage any client social media channels, understanding hashtags is fundamental. Here’s a rundown of hashtag Do’s and Don’t’s:

1. Be specific

The more specific you can get with your hashtag, the more targeted your audience will be. For example #vwvan is more likely to attract VW van lovers than just #van. A more targeted audience generally also means more engagement.

2. Know your platform

All hashtags are not equal. On Instagram, for example, hashtags refer to the content on the photo, rather than an overall theme like in Twitter. Most social channels have guides – the time invested in research will pay off in engagement further down the line so make sure you read up.

3. Don’t brand hashtags

If you’re posting or tweeting on behalf of a client, then hashtags shouldn’t contain the brand name. Instead, they should represent what the brand stands for and what this means. Here are some great examples of brands doing it right (and some clangers to show what not to do, too).

image credit: blog.twitter.com

image credit: blog.twitter.com


4. Don’t use too many characters

Using too many characters can put people off using a hashtag, even if it is super targeted. Keeping the length down can also have the same effect, if you try and be too quirky. The rule here is to Keep It Simple, Stupid.

5. Don’t over-hashtag

More hashtags than words in a post is a big no-no. It’s common practice for Instagrammers to add as many hashtags as they can to an image (up to 30 (!)) but it is not best practice. It might earn more views in the short term but it attracts spammers. It dilutes the message, at best, and at worst, comes off as desperate.

Remember, if you’re not adding to the conversation, don’t hashtag.

6. Make it memorable

A succinct, easy-to-remember hashtag is key to getting people to engage. If it’s catchy too, then that’s a bonus, however the best ones sum up in a word or two what the content is about, what you want people to do, or capture something relevant to your audience. Edge Shave Gel’s 2010 campaign is an oldie, but a goodie.

Social media has evolved and so have audiences. Knowing how to use hashtags is fundamental to creating a following and encouraging engagement on social media. More than 70% of consumers are motivated to explore new content when hashtags are present, so make sure you nail it.

Need help managing your social media? Need ideas for your next social campaign? Seen a great hashtag? Let us know!